Tag Archives: intermediate english

Dynamic Desk Organizers!

Hey guys!

Today let’s look at a trend that’s becoming popular all over the world- Dynamic Desk Organizers!

We all need to keep our desk tidy. But do you ever get tired of the same old pencil case or organizer?

Today’s Vocabulary:

tidy (adj.): things are neat, not messy
dynamic (adj.): energetic, changing, different from normal
inspiration (noun): something that gives you ideas
Do It Yourself (DIY) (noun/adj.): something you can make yourself

Spelling: 
organizer (U.S. English)
organiser (U.K. English)

How about these ideas for some inspiration?

1. Pitta Bread Pencil Case (from cargocollective.com)

This pencil case looks delicious! (Photo credit: cargocollective.com/MoharDesign/Ashtanur)

This pencil case looks delicious! (Photo credit: cargocollective.com/MoharDesign/Ashtanur)

 

It looks good enough to eat! (Photo credit: http://cargocollective.com/MoharDesign/Ashtanur)

It looks good enough to eat! (Photo credit: http://cargocollective.com/MoharDesign/Ashtanur)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Lego Pen Pot (from estefimachado.com.br)

 

Adults and children alike can enjoy Lego! (Photo credit: estefimachado.com.br)

Adults and children alike can enjoy Lego! (Photo credit: estefimachado.com.br)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You can make it yourself! You need a glass jar, some yellow paint, and a black pen. (Photo credit: estefimachado.com.br)

1. You can make it yourself! You need a glass jar, some yellow paint, and a black pen. (Photo credit: estefimachado.com.br)

 

 

 



Pour the yellow paint into the jar. (Photo credit: estefimachado.com.br)

2. Pour the yellow paint into the jar. (Photo credit: estefimachado.com.br)

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Shake the paint inside the jar. (Photo credit: estefimachado.com.br)

3. Shake the paint inside the jar. (Photo credit: estefimachado.com.br)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Draw a face, and it's finished! (Photo credit: estefimachado.com.br)

4. Draw a face, and it’s finished! (Photo credit: estefimachado.com.br)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cardboard Animals for Your Desk (from yankodesign.com)

Cardboard Rhino Pen Holder (photo credit: http://www.yankodesign.com/2012/08/01/di-wild/)

Cardboard Rhino Pen Holder (photo credit: http://www.yankodesign.com/2012/08/01/di-wild/)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cardboard Giraffe Lamp (Photo credit: http://www.yankodesign.com/2012/08/01/di-wild/)

Cardboard Giraffe Lamp (Photo credit: http://www.yankodesign.com/2012/08/01/di-wild/)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cardboard Elephant Speakers (Photo credit: http://www.yankodesign.com/2012/08/01/di-wild/)

Cardboard Elephant Speakers (Photo credit: http://www.yankodesign.com/2012/08/01/di-wild/)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cardboard Deer Clock

Cardboard Deer Clock

 

 

What do you think of these dynamic desk organizers? Do you have any good ideas for making interesting desk organizers at home? Please leave a comment!

How to Pass the Cambridge First Certificate Exam (FCE)

What is the Cambridge First Certificate in English (FCE)?
This is a certificate run by the University of Cambridge. It is for people who would like to demonstrate that their English proficiency is at an upper-intermediate level. It is one of the best known and most well-renowned English language certificates, and is accepted as proof of English proficiency by thousands of universities, companies, governments and others throughout the world. Attaining this certificate can lead to much better opportunities in education and employment. Due to the international recognition afforded by the certificate, attaining it can even allow you the chance to live and work or study in other regions or countries, thanks to the importance of English as the global language.
The Exam Format
The Cambridge First Certificate in English (hereafter referred to as FCE) consists of five papers:
- Paper 1: Reading (1 hour)
- Paper 2: Writing (1 hour 20 mins)
- Paper 3: Use of English (45 mins)
- Paper 4: Listening (approximately 40 mins)
- Paper 5: Speaking (14 mins)
Papers 1-4 are taken on the same day. Paper 5 (Speaking) is taken at some point during a “window”, that is, a period of several days around the main exam date.
Each paper is worth 20% of the total mark. In other words each paper carries equal importance.How to pass the Cambridge FCE exam 2
Should I Take the FCE Exam?
The FCE exam is a serious test of English ability, aimed at upper-intermediate English speakers, and should not be taken lightly. There is nothing more discouraging than attempting an exam in which you don’t know any of the answers, and finding the time limits far too short for your current level. It is a reasonable expectation that any English learner choosing to take the FCE should have at least two years of part time English study completed before taking the exam. English learners who have spent time living in an English speaking country might be ready within 6 months to a year, depending on their progress. In this teacher’s experience, mother-tongue speakers of European languages are able to achieve English competence in about half the time and effort taken by mother-tongue speakers of non-European languages, such as students from the Far East or Middle East. The reasons are obvious enough, in that languages from the same families have so many similarities. A French student learning English can enjoy around 15,000 cognates between French and English, whereas a Japanese student will have to make do with a few hundred English loan words they have come across in their own language.
Of course, every English learner is different. But these rough guidelines are to save you time and money in the long run, and to ensure you only take the exam once you have a good chance of passing. Attempting the exam before you are ready might have negative consequences, in that a bad exam experience can damage confidence and put learners off future studies.
In any case, if you are confident in your English abilities, the FCE exam can give you a goal to aim at and be an excellent motivator for taking your English to the next level.
Preparing for the FCE Exam
It is good to prepare for each paper of the exam as a separate challenge, due to the specific skills each requires. Here we will look at what exactly to expect in the exam, and how best to get ready for each type of question.
 
Paper 1: Reading
1 hour
3 parts (30 questions total)
Each text is 550-700 words.
 
Part 1: Multiple choice.
8 questions.
Each question has four answers to choose from (A, B, C or D).
2 marks per question.
In this section you will read a section of text 550-700 words long, and then answer 8 multiple choice questions on the text. The text could be from any of a number of sources, for example a newspaper, a novel, a diary extract or a letter. 
 
Part 2: Gapped text.
7 questions.
8 possible answers (sentences A-H) to fit into 7 possible gaps.
2 marks per correct answer.
In this section you will read 550-700 words of text with seven gaps. Each gap requires one of eight sentences provided to you. You must choose which sentence should go where. As before, the text could be from any of a number of sources (novel, newspaper, magazine etc.).
 
Part 3: Multiple matching.
15 questions.
1 mark per correct answer.
In this section, you will read 550-700 words in one section or several short sections. This will be divided into sections A-E. You will then have 15 questions to answer. For each question you must answer which section of the text is being referred to. 
 
Since each of the three parts carries about the same number of marks (16, 14 and 15), you should divide your time roughly equally. So 20 minutes per part.
 
20 minutes is actually quite a short time to do each section. The biggest pitfall here is spending too long reading the text and trying to understand every word. The chances are the text is slightly too difficult for you to understand every single word and meaning. It is too easy to waste a lot of your time trying to do so, and then having insufficient time to actually answer the questions. A much better technique is to actually start by reading the questions. Then, scan read the text looking for key words that might link to the answers. If you have time you can read the text fully at the end, checking whether you still feel your answers apply.
 
How to pass the Cambridge FCE examHow to prepare for the reading paper: It is a good idea to get used to reading English text quickly. Try not to get into the habit of staring at words you don’t understand. If you don’t know a particular word, keep on reading. The chances are you can guess the meaning based on the words around it. Medium length newspaper or magazine articles are often about 550-700 words long, so they are a good place to practise your reading skills. Try to read the article in about 5 minutes and then try to describe (in English) what the article is about. This can seem very challenging at first, but it is this speed of understanding that you will need to reach in order to pass the reading section.
 
If you do practice papers from previous years, be sure to do the reading section within the specified time limits. Be strict with yourself with regards to timing, as during the exam you will have strict time limits. Reading at speed can be quite demanding. You may find your concentration fades quickly. But you should get into the habit of being able to read English at high speeds for an hour at a time, as that is the time you will have to read for during the exam. You can build up by starting with 10 minutes at a time, then 20, all the way up to an hour at a time.
 
Paper 2: Writing
1 hour 20 minutes
2 parts (1 compulsory question and 1 question chosen from a selection of 5)
 
Part 1: 
You will be given a piece of text (up to 160 words in length) to read. Using information from this text, you will write a letter or email of 120-150 words. 
In this letter or email you will need to do one or more of the following:
- apologise
- compare
- describe
- explain
- express opinions
- justify
- persuade
- recommend
 
As an example, you might be given a description of a terrible holiday experience had by a customer of your travel agency company. You will be required to write a letter to the customer, apologising for the bad experience, explaining what went wrong, and telling the customer what you will do to make things better.
 
Part 2:
In part 2 you must choose one of five questions to answer. 
These consist of:
Questions 2-4: Write one of an article, an essay, a letter, a report, a review or a story.
Question 5: Choose one of two questions (A or B). These are based on two set reading texts.
The set texts are the same from the beginning of 2012 until the end of 2013. They are as follows:
- William Thackery: Vanity Fair (Black Cat or any edition)
Mary Stewart: This Rough Magic (OUP)
In part 2 you must write 120-180 words.
The writing paper is worth 20% of your total mark. Part 1 and Part 2 carry equal marks. Since the paper duration is 1 hour and 20 minutes, you should spend about 40 minutes on each question.
How to prepare for the writing paper: You will need to get used to writing English (by hand) very quickly. For each question you will need to spend a few minutes reading the information and question you have been given. You should also spend a few minutes planning your answer. Once you start writing you do not want to have to go back to the start because you have structured your answer wrong.
With the writing section you can actually prepare quite a lot beforehand. 
Part 1:
Since you know that part 1 will be a letter or email, you can research standard language to start and end the communication. Expressions like “Dear Sir/Madam” and “Yours faithfully” or “Best regards” are certain to be useful. You can also memorise certain standard expressions found in letters and emails, such as “I am writing to inform you that…” or “I am writing to apologise about…”. Other useful expressions include “If I can be of any further assistance please do not hesitate to contact me”, “I am sorry to hear that you had a bad experience” and “I hope that this information is useful to you”. At least 10-20% of your 120-150 words in part 1 can be perfect English if you take the time to memorise useful written communication expressions.
Another good way to prepare for part 1 is to do practice exam papers from previous years. These are available from the Cambridge ESOL website and other sites. Remember to adhere to time limits strictly, since you will need to be able to do so during the exam.
It can be difficult to mark the work you have done since there are no exact “right” answers in a writing question of this nature. A good way to gauge your standard is to use a website like Lang-8, where you can have your work checked and corrected by an English native speaker. By doing this you can look at the mistakes you made, and then learn the correct or appropriate expressions or spellings.
Part 2:How to pass the Cambridge FCE exam 3
You should prepare in a similar way to part 1. However, if you wish to you can work on question 5 which is based on the set texts. If so, you should read one (or both) of the texts in the months or weeks leading up to the exam. The more time you can spend reading these texts, the better prepared you will be to answer any question on them. Since you can only answer a question on one of the texts, it is a good idea to choose just one of the texts and focus on that rather than spreading your time thinly between two books. To give yourself a good chance of being able to write about the text, it is a good idea to make one or two mind maps of the text. For example, you could draw a mind map which contained sections for each of the main characters in the book, and what key things happen to them, along with their connections to other characters. This will allow you to quickly remember key information about the characters when you are answering an exam question. Another good method would be to draw a chain of events which happen in the book. A series of 10 or 12 events is likely to be a good summary of the text which is also easy enough to remember. Then practice writing (within the set time of 40 minutes) different essays of 120-180 words. You should imagine what kind of question topics are likely to come up, such as key characters, main events and ongoing themes, and write about those. 
 
Paper 3: Use of English
45 minutes
4 parts (42 questions total)
This section tests your knowledge and ability to use English vocabulary and grammar appropriately.
 
Part 1: Multiple choice cloze.
12 questions.
1 mark per correct answer.
In this section you will read a section of text which has 12 gaps. For each gap you must choose the most suitable word from four possible answers. Each answer will be a word with a similar meaning (for example: but, however, yet, although). 
 
Part 2: Open cloze.
12 questions.
1 mark per correct answer.
In this section you will read a section of text which has 12 gaps. You need to decide what word would fit into each gap. There are no hints or multiple choice answers for this part. For example: It’s a hot day ___ I feel cold. Answer: but
 
Part 3: Word formation.
10 questions.
1 mark per correct answer.
In this section you will read text with 10 gaps. Each gap requires you to insert an appropriate word based on a prompt.
For example: 
Germany is also famous for the _________ of quality cars. 
Prompt: PRODUCE. 
Answer: production
 
Part 4: Key word transformations.
8 questions.
Up to 2 marks per correct answer.
In this section, you will be given 8 sentences for read. For each sentence, you must rephrase it using a given word. Use between two and five words.
For example:
Mr.Jones was too hungry to think.
Word to use: THAT
Rephrased sentence given: Mr.Jones was _____________ he couldn’t think.
Possible answer: Mr.Jones was so tired that he couldn’t think.
 
This paper is worth 20% of your overall mark and must be completed within 45 minutes. You should aim to spend about 12 minutes on each of part 1 and part 2; 10 minutes on part 3 and 8 minutes on part 4. 
 
How to pass the Cambridge FCE exam 4How to prepare for the Use of English paper: This is a challenging paper which will test your understanding of the subtle differences between words like “but” and “although”, and your ability to build English sentences correctly. The best way to prepare for this paper is to do as many practice papers as possible, and then to study the answers and learn why they are correct. Each paper tests similar elements of your understanding, so you can improve your mark considerably by learning the type of question you are likely to encounter.
 
Paper 4: Listening
40 minutes
4 parts (30 questions)
This section will test your ability to listen to natural speed English and pick up meaning, detail, topic, mood and so on.
 
Part 1: Multiple choice
8 questions.
1 mark for each correct answer.
You will hear 8 short recordings of about 30 seconds each. For each recording you must answer a question by choosing an answer from A, B and C. 
 
Part 2: Sentence completion
10 questions.
1 mark for each correct answer.
In this section you will hear a 3 minute monologue or conversation. You must listen carefully and answer 10 questions. These questions are sentences related to the recording you have heard, and require you to fill in a gap.
 
Part 3: Multiple matching
5 questions.
1 mark for each correct answer.
In this section you will be presented with six written statements. You must listen to five recordings of 30 seconds each, and match each recording to the statement that best describes it.
 
Part 4: Multiple choice
7 questions.
1 mark per correct answer.
Listen to a 3 minute monologue or conversation, and answer 7 multiple choice (A, B or C) questions related to the recording. 
 
How to prepare for the listening paper: Exam technique is very important in the listening paper. The biggest mistake listeners tend to make is trying to remember the meaning of a word or sentence they have heard, and missing the rest of a recording. You should allow the recording to flow through your mind as you listen, and do not worry if you miss a bit or don’t understand everything. The recording will almost certainly contain words or phrases you have never heard before, but that doesn’t mean you can’t answer the questions correctly.
 
To prepare for the listening test effectively, try to listen to as much naturally spoken English as possible. This can be from TV, radio, past exam papers and so on. Try to ensure you hear a variety of accents. In particular British and American accents should both be familiar to you. 
 
In this paper you don’t need to worry much about the time limit as the recordings will be played at a speed you cannot control. So the most important thing is just to concentrate on what you hear and write your answers. It is worth turning your head (and ear) towards the speakers which play the recording. This may seem unusual but when you are trying to concentrate on a difficult recording of a foreign language, it can help you pick up detail better.
 
Paper 5: Speaking
14 minutes per pair of candidates.
4 parts.
You will take this paper with one other candidate and two examiners. One examiner will ask you questions and talk with you, and the other examiner will listen to you and mark your performance.
 
Part 1: Interview
3 minutes.
Your examiner will ask you questions about yourself and you answer with appropriate information. You might have to describe things like past experiences, personal preferences, plans for the future and so on. 
 
Part 2: Long turn
1 minute per candidate.
You will be given a pair of photographs with questions about them. You will speak for a minute about the photographs. This might be expressing your opinion, describing differences and so on.
 
Part 3: Collaborative taskHow to pass the Cambridge FCE exam 5
3 minutes.
You and the the other candidate are given some pictures and asked to make a decision together. You must give your opinion, discuss it with your partner and attempt to reach a decision together. 
 
Part 4: Discussion
4 minutes.
This part involves more discussion with the other candidate about the pictures in part 3. You must express further opinions and give your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with your partner. 
 
How to prepare for the speaking paper: Many students are very comfortable with other English skills but lack confidence in speaking. Therefore it is essential that you have had enough speaking practice. If you have the opportunity to speak to other people in English, whether native speakers or other learners, talk to them as much as possible. Don’t be afraid to make mistakes when you are speaking. Fluency comes by making mistakes and learning from them. If you have English speaking friends, try to chat with them on Skype. Spend time expressing what you like and dislike, and tell them your views on certain things in order to get used to expressing opinions. Even if you don’t have someone to chat to, you can still practise speaking on your own. Try to speak everyday. Another good technique is to make YouTube videos of yourself. If you are posting them on YouTube you will have a lot of motivation to do your best and to improve your English speaking.

Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 14: The Simple Present and The Present Progressive

learn English online free intermediate lesson the present simple and present progressive 1

Hi everyone!

In today’s lesson we will study the present simple and the present progressive tenses. These are very simple. But many students make a mistake and use the wrong one! So we will make sure you know which one to use.

1. The Present Simple

This describes:
- A fact. 
“I work for a bank.”
“She is a student.”
“France is in Europe.”
“The dog is on the sofa.” 

She is a nurse.

- A sequence of events in the present.
“I go to work at 8 o’clock, have lunch at 1 o’clock and go home at 5 o’clock.”
“She makes dinner for her kids and then washes the dinner.”
“The sun goes down and it gets dark.”

To make the present simple:
Subject +  Verb infinitive
“I play football on Saturdays.”
“We have lunch at 12:30pm.”
(For he/she/it): Subject + Verb infinitive-s/es
“He needs a new jacket.”
“She watches a movie every Friday evening.” 

2. The Present Progressive

This describes:
- Something happening right now.
 ”We are waiting for a phone call.”
“I am eating a sandwich.”
“The players are getting ready for the game.” 

- A plan for the future.
“He’s going to Africa next year.”
“I’m playing football on Saturday.”
“We are leaving soon.” 

He is reading a book.

To make the present progressive:
Subject + to be Verb + Verb-ing
I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They + am/are/is + eating/reading/going
“I am going to France tomorrow.”
“She’s running a marathon.”
“They are coming over later.”

Now try the quiz!

The Present Simple and Present Progressive Quiz

Start

Congratulations - you have completed The Present Simple and Present Progressive Quiz.

You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.

Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%


Your answers are highlighted below.

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 12: The Simple Past and the Past Progressive

learn English online free intermediate English past simple and past progressive

Hey guys!

Today we will look at some ways of using the past tense in English.

There are many ways to talk about the past in English. It can be confusing for English learners to know which form of the past tense to use.

Today we will explore two different forms of the past tense:
- the simple past
- the past progressive

Let’s begin!

1. The Simple Past

We use this to describe:
- An action or actions in the past
“I had an orange for breakfast.”
“I saw my brother at the supermarket.”
“They cleaned the cars.”

The woman smiled.

- Actions that happened in a sequence
“I watched the movie and then walked home.”
“She bought the groceries and carried them to her car.”
“You gave him the letter and then left?”

- Actions that happened in the middle of other actions 
“I was relaxing on the sofa when she came home.”
“The kids were playing tennis when the rain started.”
“The burglar stole their TV while they were sleeping.”

To make the simple past, use the past tense (e.g. spoke, ate) and not the past participle (e.g. spoken, eaten). 
“I watched him walk away.”
To make the negative simple past, use did not + infinitive.
“He did not study for the exam.”
“I did not know the news.”
To make the negative simple past in spoken English, you should use “didn’t”.
“We didn’t have time to visit you.”

The man was walking along when his phone rang.

2. The Past Progressive

Use this to describe:

- An action that was happening in the past
“I was listening to the radio.”
“She was describing her holiday.”
“We were waiting for two hours.”

-  Two or more actions that were happening at the same time
“He was watching TV while she was washing the dishes.”
“The boys were waiting at the beach but the girls were waiting at the mall.”
“The students were studying but the teachers were drinking coffee and talking.”

- A past action that gets interrupted by a different action or event
“I was sleeping until the phone rang.”
“He was driving home when the car skidded.”
“She was sitting quietly when the man entered the room.”

To make the past progressive, use the past tense of “to be” and the continuous form of a verb.
Subject (I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They) + to be past form (was/were) + continuous form of verb (verb-ing)
“He was eating sushi.”
“We were playing golf.”
“I was expecting a phone call.”

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 11: Shut the Door!

learn English online free intermediate lesson imperative and articles

Hello English learners!

In today’s intermediate lesson, we will practice using “a/an” and “the”. We will also use the imperative of a verb.

Articles A/An and The

A/An: For unspecified things. (We don’t know which one). Use “An” for words beginning with vowel sounds (a, e, i, o, u sounds). Use “A” for words beginning with other sounds.
For example:
1. Can I have a sandwich please?

 

 

 

 

2. I saw an ostrich.

 

 

 

 

3. There’s a TV show about Africa.

 

 

 

 

The: For specified things. (We know which one). Or there is only one of something.
For example:
1. Isn’t the moon beautiful tonight?

 

 

 

 

2. The dog is on the sofa.

 

 

 

 

3. Prince William’s grandmother is the Queen.

 

 

 

 

Imperative Verbs

Imperative verbs are used to tell someone to do something.
The imperative form is the same as the infinitive, without “to“.
For example:
infinitive: to eat; imperative: eat
infinitive: to watch; imperative: watch
infinitive: to study; imperative: study

Example sentences:
1. Give me that book please.

 

 

 

 

2. Put the groceries away!

 

 

 

 

3. Paint the fence tomorrow.

 

 

 

 

4. Tell me your name.

 

 

 

 

5. Be quiet!

 

 

 

 

6. Stop shouting!

 

 

 

 

Now let’s practise.

Please click “Start”.

"Shut the Door!" Quiz

Start Congratulations - you have completed "Shut the Door!" Quiz. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Return Shaded items are complete.
12345
678910
End
Return

What was your score? I hope this lesson was useful.

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 10: The Day of Seven Billion!

learn English online free the day of seven billion

Hey everyone!

Welcome to today’s intermediate lesson! This is a reading lesson. Please read the text. At the end of the lesson there is a quiz, so you can check your understanding. Enjoy!

Here is the text:

The Day of Seven Billion

Have you heard of “The Day of Seven Billion”? This was the day that the world’s population reached seven billion. Seven billion people! That’s incredible. Seven billion is seven thousand million. Or 7,000,000,000. What an incredible number of humans.

The Day of Seven Billion was October 31st, 2011. Of course, it’s impossible to count every human in the world. But that was the symbolic day that was chosen by the United Nations.

Where do all the people live?

Here are the population totals of each continent:
Africa: 1,020,000,000 (one billion, twenty million)
Asia: 3,880,000,000 (three billion, eight hundred and eighty million)
Australasia: 33,000,000 (thirty-three million)
Europe: 731,000,000 (seven hundred and thirty-one million)
North America: 535,000,000 (five hundred and thirty-five million)
South America: 386,000,000 (three hundred and eighty-six million)

The population of the world is growing quickly. It reached six billion in 1999, and is expected to reach eight billion in 2027. Why is it going up so quickly? Some of the reasons include better healthcare and nutrition. People have better medicine and food, so they can live much longer.

Having so many people is a big challenge. Many problems like pollution, overcrowding, food shortages and deforestation are caused by a growing population. We will have to work hard to avoid these problems.

On the other hand, a huge population of people can have benefits. Since there are so many humans, we are able to invent new technology and develop our culture very quickly. Also, there is so much diversity in the world, like different races of people and different languages.

Now try the quiz. Please click “Start”!

"The Day of Seven Billion" Quiz

Start Congratulations - you have completed "The Day of Seven Billion" Quiz. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 9: The Secret Ingredient of Coca-Cola

what is the secret ingredient of coca cola learn English online free

Do you like Coca-Cola?

How often do you drink Coke?

Coca-Cola was first made by John Pemberton in 1886. At the time it was sold as a type of medicine. Since that time, Coke has been the most famous soft drink in the world. For over a hundred years, billions of people have enjoyed the taste.

Why is Coca-Cola So Delicious?

What makes Coca-Cola so delicious? Why do people like it so much? What is the secret ingredient of Coke?

The answer is something called Merchandise 7X. This secret ingredient gives Coke its amazing, unique flavour. Until recently, only a few people in the world knew the recipe for Merchandise 7X.

(Secret ingredient: Something in food or drink which makes you want more.)

Surprising Discovery

A photo from a 1979 newspaper shows a person holding a book. In the book you can see the recipe for Merchandise 7X.

What is the Recipe for Coca-Cola?

(Recipe: A list of ingredients in a food or drink. Also, the method for making it.)

- Fluid of coca
- Citric acid (3 ounces)
- Caffeine (10 ounces)
- Sugar 
- Water (2.5 gallons)
- Lime juice (2 pints)
- Vanilla (1 ounce)
- Caramel (1.5 ounces)
- Alcohol (8 ounces)
- Orange oil (20 drops)
- Lemon oil (30 drops)
- Nutmeg oil (10 drops)
- Coriander (5 drops)
- Neroli (10 drops)
- Cinnamon (10 drops)

So Can You Make Your Own Coca-Cola?

Of course, it would be almost impossible to make Coke yourself. To get the quantities right would be very hard, and how would you know the method for making the drink?

(Quantities: How much of each ingredient in a recipe.)

Alcohol in Coke

So, it seems that there is alcohol in Coca-Cola! It is only a tiny amount. And maybe the recipe has changed. Maybe there isn’t any alcohol in it these days. What do you think? How does it make you feel?

Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 8: One House, Two Houses; One Mouse, Two Mice?!

learn English online plural nouns

Hello intermediate level English learners! We have a very useful lesson for you today. We will be learning English noun plurals. Noun plurals in English can be a little difficult as there are many irregular forms. But don’t worry! In this lesson you will learn the rules for plurals, and the most common exceptions. Enjoy the lesson!

What Are Plurals?

Plurals are used to describe more than one of a noun.
For example:
- one cat
- three cats

 

 

 

 

- one woman
- five women

 

 

 

 

- a person
- some people

 

 

 

 

Regular Plural Nouns

1. Most plurals in English are easy. We just add -s to the end of a noun.
For example:
- one car
- four cars

 

 

 

 

- a table
- some tables

 

 

 

 

2. But nouns ending in the following sounds need -es:
ch, s, sh, x.
For example:
- a beach
- some beaches

 

 

 

 

- one bus
- two buses

 

 

 

 

- one flash
- six flashes

 

 

 

 

- a fax
- some faxes

 

 

 

 

3. For nouns ending in z, add -zes.
For example:
- one quiz
- eight quizzes

 

 

 

 

- a fez
- some fezzes

 

 

 

 

4. Most nouns with a consonant+o ending have -es at the end.
For example:
- this volcano
- these volcanoes

 

 

 

 

- a tomato
- some tomatoes

 

 

 

 

5. But, some loan words from Spanish and Italian only require an -s.
For example:
- one photo
- ten photos

 

 

 

 

- the piano
- the pianos

 

 

 

 

6. For nouns ending in f, change the f to -ves.
For example:
- one calf
- three calves

 

 

 

 

- a dwarf
- some dwarves

 

 

 

 

7. For nouns ending in consonant+y, change the y into -ies.
For example:
- a study
- some studies

 

 

 

 

- that party
- those parties

 

 

 

 

Irregular Plural Nouns

There are many irregular plural nouns in English. Here are some of the more common ones:

Singular / Plural
mouse / mice
tooth / teeth
man / men
woman / women
child / children
goose / geese
octopus / octopi

Nouns with Identical Singular and Plural Forms

Some words in English are the same in both singular and plural forms.

For example:
- a sheep
- some sheep

 

 

 

 

- one aircraft
- three aircraft

 

 

 

 

- one species
- five species

Words with Only Plural Forms

Some English words only have a plural form.

For example:
- trousers (“a pair of trousers” or “some trousers”, not “a trousers”)
- pants (“a pair of pants” or “some pants”, not “a pants”)

 

 

 

 

Compound Noun Plurals

For compound noun plurals, we add -s to the first noun.

For example:
- a father-in-law
- some fathers-in-law

- one runner-up
- four runners-up

Now let’s practice. Click Start!

English Plurals Quiz

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 7: How to Write in Cursive (Handwriting) Practice

how to write in cursive

Hey guys!

Today we will practise writing in cursive handwriting. If you are learning English then it is really helpful to be able to write in cursive. But cursive handwriting takes practice.

So below you will find some free printable cursive handwriting practise worksheets.

You can print the PDF below and then practice writing the seven different sentences.

Please click here for the free printable cursive handwriting practice worksheets (PDF).

If you missed the lessons where we learnt how to write in cursive writing, you can find them here:

Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3

If this lesson is helpful, please tell me, and I will prepare more free printable cursive handwriting practice worksheets like this one.

Also, please try to share it on Facebook and Twitter.

Bye for now,

Jon

Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 3: Mind Maps!

learn English speaking mind maps

Hey guys!

Today we will learn how to mind map. Mind maps are a great way to learn a language. And they are so easy and fun to make! Please watch the video below!

Jon


Here is the finished mind map:

How to learn English: Make a mind map!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Send me your mind maps! I will put the best ones on this website. Send them to [email protected]

If you enjoyed this lesson, please share on Twitter or Facebook!

And please comment below! Thanks!