Category Archives: Past Tense

Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 12: The Simple Past and the Past Progressive

learn English online free intermediate English past simple and past progressive

Hey guys!

Today we will look at some ways of using the past tense in English.

There are many ways to talk about the past in English. It can be confusing for English learners to know which form of the past tense to use.

Today we will explore two different forms of the past tense:
- the simple past
- the past progressive

Let’s begin!

1. The Simple Past

We use this to describe:
- An action or actions in the past
“I had an orange for breakfast.”
“I saw my brother at the supermarket.”
“They cleaned the cars.”

The woman smiled.

- Actions that happened in a sequence
“I watched the movie and then walked home.”
“She bought the groceries and carried them to her car.”
“You gave him the letter and then left?”

- Actions that happened in the middle of other actions 
“I was relaxing on the sofa when she came home.”
“The kids were playing tennis when the rain started.”
“The burglar stole their TV while they were sleeping.”

To make the simple past, use the past tense (e.g. spoke, ate) and not the past participle (e.g. spoken, eaten). 
“I watched him walk away.”
To make the negative simple past, use did not + infinitive.
“He did not study for the exam.”
“I did not know the news.”
To make the negative simple past in spoken English, you should use “didn’t”.
“We didn’t have time to visit you.”

The man was walking along when his phone rang.

2. The Past Progressive

Use this to describe:

- An action that was happening in the past
“I was listening to the radio.”
“She was describing her holiday.”
“We were waiting for two hours.”

-  Two or more actions that were happening at the same time
“He was watching TV while she was washing the dishes.”
“The boys were waiting at the beach but the girls were waiting at the mall.”
“The students were studying but the teachers were drinking coffee and talking.”

- A past action that gets interrupted by a different action or event
“I was sleeping until the phone rang.”
“He was driving home when the car skidded.”
“She was sitting quietly when the man entered the room.”

To make the past progressive, use the past tense ofto be” and the continuous form of a verb.
Subject (I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They) + to be past form (was/were) + continuous form of verb (verb-ing)
“He was eating sushi.”
“We were playing golf.”
“I was expecting a phone call.”

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Short Lesson 2: Past Tense of Dream

past tense of dream

What is the past tense of dream? Is it dreamed or dreamt? In fact, is dreamt a word even?

Dreamed vs Dreamt:

Dreamed is more common in U.S. English, and dreamt is more common in U.K. English. But either one is OK.

Let’s have a look at the past tense of dream:

 

 

to dream (verb)

1. U.S. English:
Present: dream (“dreem”) 

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Past: dreamed (“dreemd”) 
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Past Participle: dreamed (“dreemd”) 
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2. U.K. English:
Present: dream (“dreem”) 

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Past: dreamt (“dremt”) 
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Past Participle: dreamt (“dremt”) 
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Examples:

Past:
U.S. English (dreamed- “dreemd”)
The man dreamed about being famous. 

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I dreamed it was summer again. 
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They dreamed of winning the tournament. 
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You dreamed up a great idea! 
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U.K. English (dreamt- “dremt”)
Last night I dreamt I was flying. 

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She dreamt of going home. 
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You dreamt about this! 
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The dog dreamt of running. 
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Past Participle:
U.S. English (dreamed- “dreemd”)
He’s dreamed up a fantastic product. 

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You have dreamed of this holiday for months. 
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We’ve dreamed too much lately. 
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I couldn’t have dreamed of a better day. 
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U.K. English (dreamt- “dremt”)
I’ve dreamt about this day for years. 

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She hasn’t dreamt at night for a long time. 
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Have you dreamt of going to Australia? 
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I have dreamt about it every night. 
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Key Points:
1. The past tense of dream is dreamed or dreamt.
2. Dreamed is common in U.S. English. Dreamt is common in U.K. English.
3. You can use either dreamed or dreamt.

Have a great day!

Jon

Short Lesson 1: Past Tense of Read

past tense of read

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I read a book past tense = I read a book.

What? Is that a mistake?

No!

What is the past tense of read?

It’s very easy. Let’s look at this verb.

to read (verb)
Present: read (“reed”)

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Past: read (“red”)
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Past Participle: read (“red”)
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So as you can see, the past tense of read (and the past participle of read) is spelt the same as the present tense. But the pronunciation is different. Instead of being pronounced “reed”, the past tense of read is pronounced “red”.

Examples:

Past: read (“red”)
Last year I read a lot of books.

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They read the sign.
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You read all of his letters.
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They read the instructions and started the exam.
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When I read the comic I felt relaxed.
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She read my diary!
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Past Participle: read (“red”)
I’ve read the new Harry Potter book.

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Have you read today’s newspaper?
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We haven’t read enough books.
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Has he read the rules?
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She had already read the essay.
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They’ve read a lot of magazines today.
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Key Points:
1. The spelling of read in the past tense is the same as the spelling of read in the present tense!
2. But the pronunciation of read in the past tense sounds like “red”!

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