Category Archives: Verbs

Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 14: The Simple Present and The Present Progressive

learn English online free intermediate lesson the present simple and present progressive 1

Hi everyone!

In today’s lesson we will study the present simple and the present progressive tenses. These are very simple. But many students make a mistake and use the wrong one! So we will make sure you know which one to use.

1. The Present Simple

This describes:
- A fact. 
“I work for a bank.”
“She is a student.”
“France is in Europe.”
“The dog is on the sofa.” 

She is a nurse.

- A sequence of events in the present.
“I go to work at 8 o’clock, have lunch at 1 o’clock and go home at 5 o’clock.”
“She makes dinner for her kids and then washes the dinner.”
“The sun goes down and it gets dark.”

To make the present simple:
Subject +  Verb infinitive
“I play football on Saturdays.”
“We have lunch at 12:30pm.”
(For he/she/it): Subject + Verb infinitive-s/es
“He needs a new jacket.”
“She watches a movie every Friday evening.” 

2. The Present Progressive

This describes:
- Something happening right now.
 ”We are waiting for a phone call.”
“I am eating a sandwich.”
“The players are getting ready for the game.” 

- A plan for the future.
“He’s going to Africa next year.”
“I’m playing football on Saturday.”
“We are leaving soon.” 

He is reading a book.

To make the present progressive:
Subject + to be Verb + Verb-ing
I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They + am/are/is + eating/reading/going
“I am going to France tomorrow.”
“She’s running a marathon.”
“They are coming over later.”

Now try the quiz!

The Present Simple and Present Progressive Quiz

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 13: The Future Simple and the Future Perfect

learn English online free future tense future simple and future perfect intermediate English lesson

Hey everyone!

In today’s intermediate lesson, we are going to look two different ways of using the future tense.

We will learn:

1. The Future Simple
2. The Future Perfect

Let’s start.

1. The Future Simple

This describes:
- Something the speaker thinks/knows will happen
“It will rain later.”
“He’ll be here at 6 o’clock.” 
“We won’t need any money today.” 
“Sunset will be at 6:55pm.” 

"It will be a beautiful day today."

- A sudden decision
“I’ll call the police!”
“I’ll go and get Dad.” 

To make the future simple:
Subject + will(shall) + verb infinitive
I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They + will(shall) + watch/eat/go/play/etc.
“You will need an umbrella today.”
Shall is more formal.
“I shall describe it to you.” 

To make the negative future simple, use “will not” or “won’t“. 
“She will not tell me why she’s sad.”
“We won’t need a car in London.”
To be more formal, use “shall not” or “shan’t“.
“I shall be requiring your help later.”
“We shan’t be returning to this restaurant!” 

2. The Future Perfect

This describes:
- Something that will have finished by a certain time in the future.
“I will have found out my exam result by tomorrow.”
“We’ll have arrived in Australia by Thursday.”
“She’ll have finished school in a week.”

- Speculation about something the speaker thinks has probably happened.
“You can’t find your book? You will have left it at school.”(You have probably left your book at school)
“He will have eaten that steak.”(He probably ate that steak

"She will have had a baby in a month."

To make the future perfect:
Subject + will(shall) + have + verb past participle
I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They + will(shall) + have + eaten/gone/studied/thrown/etc.
“They will have finished their meal.”
“We’ll have run out of money by Wednesday.”
To be more formal, use “shall have“.
“I shall have paid you in a week.”

To make the negative future perfect, use “will not have” or “won’t have“.
“They will not have eaten all the bread by tomorrow.”
“He won’t have finished reading that book in a month!”
To be more formal, use “shall not have” or “shan’t have“. 
“You shall not have finished.”
“We shan’t have sold all of the flowers.” 

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 12: The Simple Past and the Past Progressive

learn English online free intermediate English past simple and past progressive

Hey guys!

Today we will look at some ways of using the past tense in English.

There are many ways to talk about the past in English. It can be confusing for English learners to know which form of the past tense to use.

Today we will explore two different forms of the past tense:
- the simple past
- the past progressive

Let’s begin!

1. The Simple Past

We use this to describe:
- An action or actions in the past
“I had an orange for breakfast.”
“I saw my brother at the supermarket.”
“They cleaned the cars.”

The woman smiled.

- Actions that happened in a sequence
“I watched the movie and then walked home.”
“She bought the groceries and carried them to her car.”
“You gave him the letter and then left?”

- Actions that happened in the middle of other actions 
“I was relaxing on the sofa when she came home.”
“The kids were playing tennis when the rain started.”
“The burglar stole their TV while they were sleeping.”

To make the simple past, use the past tense (e.g. spoke, ate) and not the past participle (e.g. spoken, eaten). 
“I watched him walk away.”
To make the negative simple past, use did not + infinitive.
“He did not study for the exam.”
“I did not know the news.”
To make the negative simple past in spoken English, you should use “didn’t”.
“We didn’t have time to visit you.”

The man was walking along when his phone rang.

2. The Past Progressive

Use this to describe:

- An action that was happening in the past
“I was listening to the radio.”
“She was describing her holiday.”
“We were waiting for two hours.”

-  Two or more actions that were happening at the same time
“He was watching TV while she was washing the dishes.”
“The boys were waiting at the beach but the girls were waiting at the mall.”
“The students were studying but the teachers were drinking coffee and talking.”

- A past action that gets interrupted by a different action or event
“I was sleeping until the phone rang.”
“He was driving home when the car skidded.”
“She was sitting quietly when the man entered the room.”

To make the past progressive, use the past tense of “to be” and the continuous form of a verb.
Subject (I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They) + to be past form (was/were) + continuous form of verb (verb-ing)
“He was eating sushi.”
“We were playing golf.”
“I was expecting a phone call.”

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 11: Shut the Door!

learn English online free intermediate lesson imperative and articles

Hello English learners!

In today’s intermediate lesson, we will practice using “a/an” and “the”. We will also use the imperative of a verb.

Articles A/An and The

A/An: For unspecified things. (We don’t know which one). Use “An” for words beginning with vowel sounds (a, e, i, o, u sounds). Use “A” for words beginning with other sounds.
For example:
1. Can I have a sandwich please?

 

 

 

 

2. I saw an ostrich.

 

 

 

 

3. There’s a TV show about Africa.

 

 

 

 

The: For specified things. (We know which one). Or there is only one of something.
For example:
1. Isn’t the moon beautiful tonight?

 

 

 

 

2. The dog is on the sofa.

 

 

 

 

3. Prince William’s grandmother is the Queen.

 

 

 

 

Imperative Verbs

Imperative verbs are used to tell someone to do something.
The imperative form is the same as the infinitive, without “to“.
For example:
infinitive: to eat; imperative: eat
infinitive: to watch; imperative: watch
infinitive: to study; imperative: study

Example sentences:
1. Give me that book please.

 

 

 

 

2. Put the groceries away!

 

 

 

 

3. Paint the fence tomorrow.

 

 

 

 

4. Tell me your name.

 

 

 

 

5. Be quiet!

 

 

 

 

6. Stop shouting!

 

 

 

 

Now let’s practise.

Please click “Start”.

"Shut the Door!" Quiz

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Return Shaded items are complete.
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Beginnner Season 1, Lesson 8: Where is He From?

where is he from

Hi everyone! Today let’s learn the subject pronouns “he” and “she” to say where someone is from.

 

 

 

 

Where is He From? “He” and “She” Subject Pronouns

This is Minsu.
He’s from Korea.

 

 

 

 

This is Monique.
She’s from France.

 

 

 

We use he for a male (man/boy).
We use she for a female (woman/girl).

subject pronoun + to be + from + place
         he/she         +     is    + from + Korea/France/London/Cairo

Let’s practise!

Practice Questions

1. Mr.Wang, China

This is Mr. Wang.
He’s from China.

 

 

 

2. Toni, Canada

_____________
_____________

 

 

 

3. Maria, Madrid

_____________
_____________

 

 

 

4. Martin, Sweden

_____________
_____________

 

 

 

5. Anna, Moscow

_____________
_____________

 

 

 

6. Harry, Scotland

_____________
_____________

 

 

 

7. Kihomi, Tokyo

_____________
_____________

 

 

 

8. Mr.Jones, Wales

_____________
_____________

 

 

 

9. Sunita, New Delhi

_____________
_____________

 

 

 

10. Lionel, Argentina

_____________
_____________

 

 

 

11. Fatima, Tehran

_____________
_____________

 

 

 

12. Salma, Ecuador

_____________
_____________

 

 

 

Answers:

1.
This is Mr.Wang.
He’s from China.

2.
This is Toni.
She’s from Canada.

3.
This is Maria.
She’s from Madrid.

4.
This is Martin.
He’s from Sweden.

5.
This is Anna.
She’s from Moscow.

6.
This is Harry.
He’s from Scotland.

7.
This is Kihomi.
She’s from Tokyo.

8.
This is Mr.Jones.
He’s from Wales.

9.
This is Sunita.
She’s from New Delhi.

10.
This is Lionel.
He’s from Argentina.

11.
This is Fatima.
She’s from Tehran.

12.
This is Salma.
She’s from Ecuador.

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Have a great day!

Jon

Short Lesson 2: Past Tense of Dream

past tense of dream

What is the past tense of dream? Is it dreamed or dreamt? In fact, is dreamt a word even?

Dreamed vs Dreamt:

Dreamed is more common in U.S. English, and dreamt is more common in U.K. English. But either one is OK.

Let’s have a look at the past tense of dream:

 

 

to dream (verb)

1. U.S. English:
Present: dream (“dreem”) 

Listen to

Past: dreamed (“dreemd”) 
Listen to

Past Participle: dreamed (“dreemd”) 
Listen to

 

2. U.K. English:
Present: dream (“dreem”) 

Listen to

Past: dreamt (“dremt”) 
Listen to

Past Participle: dreamt (“dremt”) 
Listen to

Examples:

Past:
U.S. English (dreamed- “dreemd”)
The man dreamed about being famous. 

Listen to

I dreamed it was summer again. 
Listen to

They dreamed of winning the tournament. 
Listen to

You dreamed up a great idea! 
Listen to

U.K. English (dreamt- “dremt”)
Last night I dreamt I was flying. 

Listen to

She dreamt of going home. 
Listen to

You dreamt about this! 
Listen to

The dog dreamt of running. 
Listen to

Past Participle:
U.S. English (dreamed- “dreemd”)
He’s dreamed up a fantastic product. 

Listen to

You have dreamed of this holiday for months. 
Listen to

We’ve dreamed too much lately. 
Listen to

I couldn’t have dreamed of a better day. 
Listen to

U.K. English (dreamt- “dremt”)
I’ve dreamt about this day for years. 

Listen to

She hasn’t dreamt at night for a long time. 
Listen to

Have you dreamt of going to Australia? 
Listen to

I have dreamt about it every night. 
Listen to

Key Points:
1. The past tense of dream is dreamed or dreamt.
2. Dreamed is common in U.S. English. Dreamt is common in U.K. English.
3. You can use either dreamed or dreamt.

Have a great day!

Jon

Short Lesson 1: Past Tense of Read

past tense of read

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I read a book past tense = I read a book.

What? Is that a mistake?

No!

What is the past tense of read?

It’s very easy. Let’s look at this verb.

to read (verb)
Present: read (“reed”)

Listen to

Past: read (“red”)
Listen to

Past Participle: read (“red”)
Listen to

So as you can see, the past tense of read (and the past participle of read) is spelt the same as the present tense. But the pronunciation is different. Instead of being pronounced “reed”, the past tense of read is pronounced “red”.

Examples:

Past: read (“red”)
Last year I read a lot of books.

Listen to

They read the sign.
Listen to

You read all of his letters.
Listen to

They read the instructions and started the exam.
Listen to

When I read the comic I felt relaxed.
Listen to

She read my diary!
Listen to

Past Participle: read (“red”)
I’ve read the new Harry Potter book.

Listen to

Have you read today’s newspaper?
Listen to

We haven’t read enough books.
Listen to

Has he read the rules?
Listen to

She had already read the essay.
Listen to

They’ve read a lot of magazines today.
Listen to

 

Key Points:
1. The spelling of read in the past tense is the same as the spelling of read in the present tense!
2. But the pronunciation of read in the past tense sounds like “red”!

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Beginner Season 1, Lesson 6: Who Are You??!!

who are you

Hi guys!

Let’s learn how to use the verb “to be” to say someone’s name.

 

 

 


to be
I am = I’m
You are = You’re
He is = He’s
She is = She’s
It is = It’s
We are = We’re
You are = You’re
They are = They’re

 

Saying someone’s name
I’m Chris Thompson.
You’re Mr.Smith.
She’s Maria.
We’re Jason and Andrea.
They’re the Ali family.

Now let’s practise! Click here for the practice PDF.

If you like this lesson, please share it on Twitter or Facebook!

Have a great day!

Jon