Category Archives: Future Perfect

Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 13: The Future Simple and the Future Perfect

learn English online free future tense future simple and future perfect intermediate English lesson

Hey everyone!

In today’s intermediate lesson, we are going to look two different ways of using the future tense.

We will learn:

1. The Future Simple
2. The Future Perfect

Let’s start.

1. The Future Simple

This describes:
- Something the speaker thinks/knows will happen
“It will rain later.”
“He’ll be here at 6 o’clock.” 
“We won’t need any money today.” 
“Sunset will be at 6:55pm.” 

"It will be a beautiful day today."

- A sudden decision
“I’ll call the police!”
“I’ll go and get Dad.” 

To make the future simple:
Subject + will(shall) + verb infinitive
I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They + will(shall) + watch/eat/go/play/etc.
“You will need an umbrella today.”
Shall is more formal.
“I shall describe it to you.” 

To make the negative future simple, use “will not” or “won’t“. 
“She will not tell me why she’s sad.”
“We won’t need a car in London.”
To be more formal, use “shall not” or “shan’t“.
“I shall be requiring your help later.”
“We shan’t be returning to this restaurant!” 

2. The Future Perfect

This describes:
- Something that will have finished by a certain time in the future.
“I will have found out my exam result by tomorrow.”
“We’ll have arrived in Australia by Thursday.”
“She’ll have finished school in a week.”

- Speculation about something the speaker thinks has probably happened.
“You can’t find your book? You will have left it at school.”(You have probably left your book at school)
“He will have eaten that steak.”(He probably ate that steak

"She will have had a baby in a month."

To make the future perfect:
Subject + will(shall) + have + verb past participle
I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They + will(shall) + have + eaten/gone/studied/thrown/etc.
“They will have finished their meal.”
“We’ll have run out of money by Wednesday.”
To be more formal, use “shall have“.
“I shall have paid you in a week.”

To make the negative future perfect, use “will not have” or “won’t have“.
“They will not have eaten all the bread by tomorrow.”
“He won’t have finished reading that book in a month!”
To be more formal, use “shall not have” or “shan’t have“. 
“You shall not have finished.”
“We shan’t have sold all of the flowers.” 

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