Category Archives: Grammar

Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 14: The Simple Present and The Present Progressive

learn English online free intermediate lesson the present simple and present progressive 1

Hi everyone!

In today’s lesson we will study the present simple and the present progressive tenses. These are very simple. But many students make a mistake and use the wrong one! So we will make sure you know which one to use.

1. The Present Simple

This describes:
- A fact. 
“I work for a bank.”
“She is a student.”
“France is in Europe.”
“The dog is on the sofa.” 

She is a nurse.

- A sequence of events in the present.
“I go to work at 8 o’clock, have lunch at 1 o’clock and go home at 5 o’clock.”
“She makes dinner for her kids and then washes the dinner.”
“The sun goes down and it gets dark.”

To make the present simple:
Subject +  Verb infinitive
“I play football on Saturdays.”
“We have lunch at 12:30pm.”
(For he/she/it): Subject + Verb infinitive-s/es
“He needs a new jacket.”
“She watches a movie every Friday evening.” 

2. The Present Progressive

This describes:
- Something happening right now.
 ”We are waiting for a phone call.”
“I am eating a sandwich.”
“The players are getting ready for the game.” 

- A plan for the future.
“He’s going to Africa next year.”
“I’m playing football on Saturday.”
“We are leaving soon.” 

He is reading a book.

To make the present progressive:
Subject + to be Verb + Verb-ing
I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They + am/are/is + eating/reading/going
“I am going to France tomorrow.”
“She’s running a marathon.”
“They are coming over later.”

Now try the quiz!

The Present Simple and Present Progressive Quiz

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 13: The Future Simple and the Future Perfect

learn English online free future tense future simple and future perfect intermediate English lesson

Hey everyone!

In today’s intermediate lesson, we are going to look two different ways of using the future tense.

We will learn:

1. The Future Simple
2. The Future Perfect

Let’s start.

1. The Future Simple

This describes:
- Something the speaker thinks/knows will happen
“It will rain later.”
“He’ll be here at 6 o’clock.” 
“We won’t need any money today.” 
“Sunset will be at 6:55pm.” 

"It will be a beautiful day today."

- A sudden decision
“I’ll call the police!”
“I’ll go and get Dad.” 

To make the future simple:
Subject + will(shall) + verb infinitive
I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They + will(shall) + watch/eat/go/play/etc.
“You will need an umbrella today.”
Shall is more formal.
“I shall describe it to you.” 

To make the negative future simple, use “will not” or “won’t“. 
“She will not tell me why she’s sad.”
“We won’t need a car in London.”
To be more formal, use “shall not” or “shan’t“.
“I shall be requiring your help later.”
“We shan’t be returning to this restaurant!” 

2. The Future Perfect

This describes:
- Something that will have finished by a certain time in the future.
“I will have found out my exam result by tomorrow.”
“We’ll have arrived in Australia by Thursday.”
“She’ll have finished school in a week.”

- Speculation about something the speaker thinks has probably happened.
“You can’t find your book? You will have left it at school.”(You have probably left your book at school)
“He will have eaten that steak.”(He probably ate that steak

"She will have had a baby in a month."

To make the future perfect:
Subject + will(shall) + have + verb past participle
I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They + will(shall) + have + eaten/gone/studied/thrown/etc.
“They will have finished their meal.”
“We’ll have run out of money by Wednesday.”
To be more formal, use “shall have“.
“I shall have paid you in a week.”

To make the negative future perfect, use “will not have” or “won’t have“.
“They will not have eaten all the bread by tomorrow.”
“He won’t have finished reading that book in a month!”
To be more formal, use “shall not have” or “shan’t have“. 
“You shall not have finished.”
“We shan’t have sold all of the flowers.” 

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 12: The Simple Past and the Past Progressive

learn English online free intermediate English past simple and past progressive

Hey guys!

Today we will look at some ways of using the past tense in English.

There are many ways to talk about the past in English. It can be confusing for English learners to know which form of the past tense to use.

Today we will explore two different forms of the past tense:
- the simple past
- the past progressive

Let’s begin!

1. The Simple Past

We use this to describe:
- An action or actions in the past
“I had an orange for breakfast.”
“I saw my brother at the supermarket.”
“They cleaned the cars.”

The woman smiled.

- Actions that happened in a sequence
“I watched the movie and then walked home.”
“She bought the groceries and carried them to her car.”
“You gave him the letter and then left?”

- Actions that happened in the middle of other actions 
“I was relaxing on the sofa when she came home.”
“The kids were playing tennis when the rain started.”
“The burglar stole their TV while they were sleeping.”

To make the simple past, use the past tense (e.g. spoke, ate) and not the past participle (e.g. spoken, eaten). 
“I watched him walk away.”
To make the negative simple past, use did not + infinitive.
“He did not study for the exam.”
“I did not know the news.”
To make the negative simple past in spoken English, you should use “didn’t”.
“We didn’t have time to visit you.”

The man was walking along when his phone rang.

2. The Past Progressive

Use this to describe:

- An action that was happening in the past
“I was listening to the radio.”
“She was describing her holiday.”
“We were waiting for two hours.”

-  Two or more actions that were happening at the same time
“He was watching TV while she was washing the dishes.”
“The boys were waiting at the beach but the girls were waiting at the mall.”
“The students were studying but the teachers were drinking coffee and talking.”

- A past action that gets interrupted by a different action or event
“I was sleeping until the phone rang.”
“He was driving home when the car skidded.”
“She was sitting quietly when the man entered the room.”

To make the past progressive, use the past tense of “to be” and the continuous form of a verb.
Subject (I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They) + to be past form (was/were) + continuous form of verb (verb-ing)
“He was eating sushi.”
“We were playing golf.”
“I was expecting a phone call.”

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 11: Shut the Door!

learn English online free intermediate lesson imperative and articles

Hello English learners!

In today’s intermediate lesson, we will practice using “a/an” and “the”. We will also use the imperative of a verb.

Articles A/An and The

A/An: For unspecified things. (We don’t know which one). Use “An” for words beginning with vowel sounds (a, e, i, o, u sounds). Use “A” for words beginning with other sounds.
For example:
1. Can I have a sandwich please?

 

 

 

 

2. I saw an ostrich.

 

 

 

 

3. There’s a TV show about Africa.

 

 

 

 

The: For specified things. (We know which one). Or there is only one of something.
For example:
1. Isn’t the moon beautiful tonight?

 

 

 

 

2. The dog is on the sofa.

 

 

 

 

3. Prince William’s grandmother is the Queen.

 

 

 

 

Imperative Verbs

Imperative verbs are used to tell someone to do something.
The imperative form is the same as the infinitive, without “to“.
For example:
infinitive: to eat; imperative: eat
infinitive: to watch; imperative: watch
infinitive: to study; imperative: study

Example sentences:
1. Give me that book please.

 

 

 

 

2. Put the groceries away!

 

 

 

 

3. Paint the fence tomorrow.

 

 

 

 

4. Tell me your name.

 

 

 

 

5. Be quiet!

 

 

 

 

6. Stop shouting!

 

 

 

 

Now let’s practise.

Please click “Start”.

"Shut the Door!" Quiz

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Beginner Podcast S1E2: I Have Two Dogs!

learn English online free podcast 2

Hey everyone!

Welcome to the podcast lesson!

Here is the podcast:

Listen to

Download

Here is the text: I have two dogs. They are very beautiful. I haven’t got a cat. I’ve got a brother. His name is Paul. I don’t have a sister. I’ve got a bike, but I haven’t got a car.

Useful Sentences:

I have = I’ve got

"I have a piano."

1. I have (+ noun)
e.g.
I have two dogs.
I have a piano.
I have six cousins.
I have a white jacket.

2. I’ve got (+ noun)
(I’ve = I have)
e.g.
I’ve got friends in Canada.
I’ve got a problem!
I’ve got no time.
I’ve got a new book.

"I don't have blue eyes."

I don’t have = I haven’t got

3. I don’t have (+ noun)
(don’t = do not)
e.g.
I don’t have blue eyes.
I don’t have a dog.
I don’t have long hair.
I don’t have a watch today.

4. I haven’t got (+ noun)
(haven’t = have not)
e.g.
I haven’t got any money!
I haven’t got a brother.
I haven’t got the book.
I haven’t got a car.

 

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Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 8: One House, Two Houses; One Mouse, Two Mice?!

learn English online plural nouns

Hello intermediate level English learners! We have a very useful lesson for you today. We will be learning English noun plurals. Noun plurals in English can be a little difficult as there are many irregular forms. But don’t worry! In this lesson you will learn the rules for plurals, and the most common exceptions. Enjoy the lesson!

What Are Plurals?

Plurals are used to describe more than one of a noun.
For example:
- one cat
- three cats

 

 

 

 

- one woman
- five women

 

 

 

 

- a person
- some people

 

 

 

 

Regular Plural Nouns

1. Most plurals in English are easy. We just add -s to the end of a noun.
For example:
- one car
- four cars

 

 

 

 

- a table
- some tables

 

 

 

 

2. But nouns ending in the following sounds need -es:
ch, s, sh, x.
For example:
- a beach
- some beaches

 

 

 

 

- one bus
- two buses

 

 

 

 

- one flash
- six flashes

 

 

 

 

- a fax
- some faxes

 

 

 

 

3. For nouns ending in z, add -zes.
For example:
- one quiz
- eight quizzes

 

 

 

 

- a fez
- some fezzes

 

 

 

 

4. Most nouns with a consonant+o ending have -es at the end.
For example:
- this volcano
- these volcanoes

 

 

 

 

- a tomato
- some tomatoes

 

 

 

 

5. But, some loan words from Spanish and Italian only require an -s.
For example:
- one photo
- ten photos

 

 

 

 

- the piano
- the pianos

 

 

 

 

6. For nouns ending in f, change the f to -ves.
For example:
- one calf
- three calves

 

 

 

 

- a dwarf
- some dwarves

 

 

 

 

7. For nouns ending in consonant+y, change the y into -ies.
For example:
- a study
- some studies

 

 

 

 

- that party
- those parties

 

 

 

 

Irregular Plural Nouns

There are many irregular plural nouns in English. Here are some of the more common ones:

Singular / Plural
mouse / mice
tooth / teeth
man / men
woman / women
child / children
goose / geese
octopus / octopi

Nouns with Identical Singular and Plural Forms

Some words in English are the same in both singular and plural forms.

For example:
- a sheep
- some sheep

 

 

 

 

- one aircraft
- three aircraft

 

 

 

 

- one species
- five species

Words with Only Plural Forms

Some English words only have a plural form.

For example:
- trousers (“a pair of trousers” or “some trousers”, not “a trousers”)
- pants (“a pair of pants” or “some pants”, not “a pants”)

 

 

 

 

Compound Noun Plurals

For compound noun plurals, we add -s to the first noun.

For example:
- a father-in-law
- some fathers-in-law

- one runner-up
- four runners-up

Now let’s practice. Click Start!

English Plurals Quiz

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Beginner Season 1, Lesson 15: He’s a teacher. She’s an artist.

learn English online free beginner lesson 15 articles and to be

Hello English learners!

Today is the last lesson on Beginner Season 1. But don’t worry- Season 2 will start soon!

In this lesson:
- We will learn the articles “A” and “An”.
- We will practice using the Verb “to be”.
- We will learn some jobs vocabulary.

This is Kimberley.
She’s a student.

 

 

 

 

This is Stanley.
He’s an accountant.

 

 

 

 

Grammar:
We use “A” with nouns that start in a consonant sound.
Consonant sounds are the sounds of the other letters in the alphabet: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y and z sounds.

Examples:
a pilot (pilot starts with a consonant sound, “p”)
a biologist (biologist starts with a consonant sound, “b”)

We use “An” with nouns that start in a vowel sound.
Vowel sounds are: aeioand sounds.

Examples:
an umpire (umpire starts with a vowel sound, “u”)
an electrician (electrician starts with a vowel sound, “e”)

Let’s practise!

Practice Questions

Fill in the blank with “a” or “an”.

1. He’s a carpenter.

 

 

 

 

2. She’s __ insurance agent.

 

 

 

 

3. He’s __ fire fighter.

 

 

 

 

4. He’s __ engineer.

 

 

 

 

5. She’s __ English teacher.

 

 

 

 

6. He’s __ veterinarian.

 

 

 

 

7. She’s __ doctor.

 

 

 

 

8. He’s __ fisherman.

 

 

 

 

9. He’s __ art student.

 

 

 

 

10. She’s __ architect.

 

 

 

 

11. He’s __ lawyer.

 

 

 

 

12. He’s __ postal worker.

 

 

 

 

13. She’s __ archaeologist.

 

 

 

 

14. He’s __ soldier.

 

 

 

 

15. She’s __ economics professor.

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. He’s a carpenter.

2. She’s an insurance agent.

3. He’s a fire fighter.

4. He’s an engineer.

5. She’s an English teacher.

6. He’s a veterinarian.

7. She’s a doctor.

8. He’s a fisherman.

9. He’s an art student.

10. She’s an architect.

11. He’s a lawyer.

12. He’s a postal worker.

13. She’s an archaeologist.

14. He’s a soldier.

15. She’s an economics professor.

I hope you enjoyed this lesson. See you next time!

Jon

Beginner Season 1, Lesson 13: Is Brazil Big or Small?

learn English online free beginner English lesson to be verb lesson 13

Is Brazil big or small?
It’s big.

Hey everybody!

Today we will use the verb to be to describe things. We will also learn lots of useful adjectives.

Grammar:

Question: to be verb +               noun                  +               adjective 1         + or + adjective 2 ?
Is/Are +   Chris/France/curry  + tall/interesting/tasty + or + short/boring/disgusting

Answer: pronoun                 + to be verb + adjective
he/she/it/they    
+       is/are     + intelligent/exciting/cold

Examples:

1. Is the Queen young or old?
She’s old.

 

 

 

 

2. Are tigers beautiful or ugly?
They’re beautiful.

 

 

 

 

3. Is a sports car fast or slow?
It’s fast.

 

 

 

 

4. Are sofas comfortable or uncomfortable?
They’re comfortable.

 

 

 

 

Practice Questions:

1. Are elephants heavy or light?
They’re heavy.

 

 

 

 

2.  Is Tony fat or thin?
___________

 

 

 

 

3. Is Dubai hot or cold?
___________

 

 

 

 

4. Are crocodiles green or blue?
___________

 

 

 

 

5. Are diamonds cheap or expensive?
___________

 

 

 

 

6. Is Roger tall or short?
___________

 

 

 

 

7. Is a cave light or dark?
___________

 

 

 

 

8. Are the shoes clean or dirty?
___________

 

 

 

 

9. Is Rena happy or sad?
___________

 

 

 

 

10. Is the car modern or old-fashioned?
___________

 

 

 

 

11. Is English easy or difficult?
___________

 

 

 

 

12. Is dancing fun or boring?
___________

 

 

 

 

13. Is her hair long or short?
___________

 

 

 

 

14. Is Mark’s skin black or white?
___________

 

 

 

 

15. Is Annie African or Asian?
___________

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. They’re heavy.

2. He’s fat.

3. It’s hot.

4. They’re green.

5. They’re expensive.

6. He’s tall.

7. It’s dark.

8. They’re dirty.

9. She’s happy.

10. It’s old-fashioned.

11. It’s easy! (at JonsEnglishClassroom.com)

12. It’s fun.

13. It’s short.

14. It’s black.

15. She’s Asian.

Have a great day!

Jon

Beginner Season 1, Lesson 11: William is Kate’s Husband!

learn english online free to be verb and possessive pronouns beginner lesson 11

Hey everyone!

In this beginner English lesson, we will learn how to use the possessive of nouns with the verb “to be”.

 

 

 

Grammar:

noun        +       to be verb (is/are)       +        possessive of noun (“noun’s”)     +      noun
William    +                 is                         +                    Kate’s                                   +      husband

 

Examples:
1. Kei and Yuma
Kei is Yuma’s friend.

 

 

 

 

2. Rover and Rufus, with Mark
Rover and Rufus are Mark’s dogs.
Mark is Rover and Rufus’s owner.

 

 

 
3. Carlos and Eliza
Carlos is Eliza’s husband.

 

 

 

 
4. Roberta and Andrew
Roberta is Andrew’s mother.

 

 

 

 

Practice Questions:
1. Patch and Emma
(Patch = cat; Emma = owner)
____________________

 

 

 

2. Tina and Annie
(Tina = mother; Annie = daughter)
____________________

 

 

 

3. Rich and Rob
(Rich = twin brother; Rob = twin brother)
____________________

 

 

 

4. Carl and Hannah
(Carl = husband; Hannah = wife)
____________________

 

 

 

5. Jack and Jenny
(Jack = grandfather; Jenny = granddaughter)
____________________

 

 

 

6. Ali and Fatima
(Ali = brother; Fatima = sister)
____________________

 

 

 

7. Yvette, Harriette and Belinda
(Yvette = mother; Harriette = daughter/sister; Belinda = daughter/sister)
____________________
____________________

 

 

8. Elizabeth and Gee-Gee
(Elizabeth = owner; Gee-Gee = horse)
____________________

 

 

 

9. Ahmed and Rahim
(Ahmed = father; Rahim = son)
____________________

 

 

 

10. Fabio and Elisabetta
(Fabio = cousin; Elisabetta = cousin)
____________________

 

 

 

11. Mike, Paula and Ian
(Mike = uncle/husband; Paula = aunt/wife; Ian = nephew)
____________________
____________________

 

 


12. Tomas, Ingrid and Ronald
(Tomas = brother/great-nephew; Ingrid = sister/great-niece; Ronald = great-uncle)
____________________
____________________

 

 

Answers:

1. Patch is Emma’s cat. OR Emma is Patch’s owner.

2. Tina is Annie’s mother. OR Annie is Tina’ daughter. 

3. Rich is Rob’s twin brother. OR Rob is Rich’s twin brother.

4. Carl is Hannah’s husband. OR Hannah is Carl’s wife.

5. Jack is Jenny’s grandfather. OR Jenny is Jack’s granddaughter.

6. Ali is Fatima’s brother. OR Fatima is Ali’s sister.

7. Yvette is Harriette and Belinda’s mother. OR Harriette and Belinda are Yvette’s daughters.
Harriette is Belinda’s sister OR Belinda is Harriette’s sister. 

8. Elizabeth is Gee-Gee’s owner. OR Gee-Gee is Elizabeth’s horse.

9. Ahmed is Rahim’s father. OR Rahim is Ahmed’s son.

10. Fabio is Elisabetta’s cousin. OR Elisabetta is Fabio’s cousin.

11. Mike and Paula are Ian’s uncle and aunt. OR Ian is Mike and Paula’s nephew.
Mike is Paula’s husband. OR Paula is Mike’s wife.

12. Tomas and Ingrid are Ronald’s great-nephew and great-niece. OR Ronald is Tomas and Ingrid’s great-uncle.
Tomas is Ingrid’s brother. OR Ingrid is Tomas’s sister. 

See you next lesson!

Jon

Beginner Season 1, Lesson 10: What’s Your Name?

learn beginner english online free possessive adjectives and to be verb

Hey guys!

Today’s beginner English lesson is called “What’s Your Name?”. In this lesson we will learn how to use possessive adjectives (my/your/his/her) and the verb “to be”.

 

 

Grammar:

Question: What’s my/your/his/her name?

Answer: Possessive Adjective My, Your, His, Her + name + Verb To be + Name

Examples:

1. Chris
What’s your name?
My name is Chris.

 

 

 

 

2. Timmy
What’s his name?
His name is Timmy.

 

 

 

 

3. Maria
What’s her name?
Her name is Maria.

 

 

 

 

4. Wilma
What’s my name?
Your name is Wilma.

 

 

 

 

Practice Questions:

1. Ali
What’s his name?
His name is Ali.

 

 

 

2. Elsie
What’s your name?
_______________

 

 

 

3. Robbie
_______________?
His name is Robbie.

 

 

 

4. Carla
_______________?
My name is Carla.

 

 

 

5. Denise
What’s her name?
_______________

 

 

 

6. Stan
What’s your name?
_______________

 

 

 

7. Pablo
_______________?
His name is Pablo.

 

 

 

8. Anna
What’s my name?
_______________

 

 

 

9. Sheila
_______________?
Her name is Sheila.

 

 

 

10. Ron
What’s your name?
_______________

 

 

 

11. Gina
_______________?
Your name is Gina.

 

 

 

12. Theo
What’s his name?
_______________

 

 

 

13. Jackie
_______________?
My name is Jackie.

 

 

 

14. Regine
What’s her name?
_______________

 

 

 

15. Bill
_______________?
His name is Bill.

 

 

 

Answers:

1. His name is Ali.

2. My name is Elsie.

3. What’s his name?

4. What’s your name?

5. Her name is Denise.

6. My name is Stan.

7. What’s his name?

8. Your name is Anna.

9. What’s her name?

10. My name is Ron.

11. What’s my name?

12. His name is Theo.

13. What’s your name?

14. Her name is Regine.

15. What’s his name?

I hope this lesson was helpful for you. Have a great day!

Jon